United States-Japan Trade Agreement (Usa) Negotiations

Motor vehicles and parts are the largest U.S. import category from Japan ($56.0 billion in 2018), while Japan imports only a few cars produced in the U.S. ($2.4 billion in 2018), although there are no tariffs on cars (Chart 2).22 The U.S. industry argues that the latter is due to non-tariff barriers, including discriminatory regulatory treatment,23 while Japan argues that it is the fault of the inability of US producers to serve the Japanese market. Although Japan buys few American cars, Japanese production sites in the United States (worth $51 billion in 2018) employ more than 170,000 workers, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). However, no provisions on motor vehicles were included in the first stage agreement. As of October 2018, in accordance with the TPA requirements of the Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015 (P.L. 114-26); TPA-2015), the government informed Congress 90 days in advance of its intention to enter into negotiations. The government released its negotiating goals in December of the same year, which included a number of issues beyond tariffs and digital trade.3 Digital commerce, a growing part of the United States.

and the global economy is an area in which the United States and Japan had broadly similar objectives to address the lack of common trade rules and disciplines.57 Digital trade covers not only digital products and services provided by the internet, but also a means of facilitating economic activity and innovation, as businesses are increasingly dependent on digital technologies in all sectors, to reach new markets. 58 The USTR described the Digital Agreement between the United States and Japan, consistent with the proposed Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA), as `the most comprehensive and high-end trade agreement` negotiated on barriers to digital trade59. the U.S. goals set by Congress as part of the AAA. This indicates that the agreement will likely serve as a model for future U.S. states. Free Trade Agreement.60 The agreement was also released by the USTR as evidence of the “leadership role” that both countries continue to play in the global governance of digital trade. From this perspective, approaches between the US and Japan to rules and standards could set precedents for other ongoing discussions, including the WTO on a possible e-commerce agreement, in which conflicting approaches from other participating members (such as China) on digital and data issues have been addressed as common concerns. .

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